• America’s Security Needs a Cooperative Rebuilding of

    作者: Marco Rubio
  • Report Finds U.S. Vulnerability to China’s Dominance

    “China’s rare earths positioning both implicates and threatens the entire global system,” said Horizon’s report. Last year, the Chinese government funded a report on rare-earth policy, which said “China will not rule out using rare earth exports as leverage to deal with the situation,” in reference to the escalating U.S.-China trade ...

  • The U.S. Needs China For Rare Earth Minerals? Not

    2020-4-7  Round Top, however, offers a 130-year supply of the critical minerals. And USA Rare Earth is looking at benefits beyond the ore itself. “It’s not just about supply,” said Althaus.

  • U.S. dependence on China's rare earth: Trade war

    Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers.

  • THE UNITED STATES’ VULNERABILITY TO COERCION BY

    2013-3-21  nations are mining rare earths would identify weaknesses or strengths within the global supply chain. The supply chain for which the U.S. receives their rare earth elements and processed products was then tracked and analyzed in order to identify any vulnerability. Once a possible vulnerability was identified the research explores whether the U.S.

  • The vulnerability of electric-vehicle and wind-turbine ...

    The vulnerability of electric-vehicle and wind-turbine supply chains to the supply of rare-earth elements in a 2-degree scenario. Author links open overlay panel Benjamin Ballinger a b Diego Schmeda-Lopez a Benjamin Kefford a Brett Parkinson a c Martin Stringer a Chris Greig a Simon Smart a.

  • China Gears Up to Weaponize Rare Earths Dominance

    2019-5-29  Rare earths aren’t particularly rare. Cerium, the most abundant, is more common in the Earth’s crust than copper. All other rare-earth elements, besides promethium, can be

  • Rare Earths and Japan: Traditional Vulnerability ...

    Rare Earth Elements (REE) have become an indispensable component of modern life. Commodities containing rare earth, such as personal computers, hybrid cars, smart phones, and tablets, are now an essential part of daily life. A dependency on such high-tech products will

  • The US rare earth vulnerability and mammoth battery

    The US rare earth vulnerability and mammoth battery supply disconnect InvestorIntel February 02, 2017 29 Comments The most startling act of cognitive dissonance in the mining space in this day and age is amongst those investors and analysts that enthuse about Lithium, Cobalt, Graphite and yet cannot raise an eyebrow for Rare Earths.

  • America must secure its supply chains against a ...

    The first crisis occurred in 2010 when a dispute over the Senkaku Islands resulted in an “unofficial” embargo on rare earth exports from China to Japan. That embargo shocked global supply ...

  • State, Campbell County pursue rare earth

    2020-7-7  In a Dec. 20, 2017, executive order, the president said the nation is vulnerable to a break in the supply chain for rare earth elements. "This dependency of the United States on foreign sources creates a strategic vulnerability for both its economy and

  • US dependence on China's rare earth: Trade war

    US dependence on China's rare earth: Trade war vulnerability Tuesday, 04 Jun 2019 07:43 AM MYT China is home to at least 85 per cent of the world's capacity to process rare earth ores into material manufacturers can use, according to research firm Adamas Intelligence.

  • Explainer: U.S. dependence on China's rare earth -

    Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers.

  • Report Finds U.S. Vulnerability to China’s Dominance

    “China’s rare earths positioning both implicates and threatens the entire global system,” said Horizon’s report. Last year, the Chinese government funded a report on rare-earth policy, which said “China will not rule out using rare earth exports as leverage to deal with the situation,” in reference to the escalating U.S.-China trade ...

  • The vulnerability of electric-vehicle and wind-turbine ...

    The vulnerability of electric-vehicle and wind-turbine supply chains to the supply of rare-earth elements in a 2-degree scenario. Author links open overlay panel Benjamin Ballinger a b Diego Schmeda-Lopez a Benjamin Kefford a Brett Parkinson a c Martin Stringer a Chris Greig a Simon Smart a.

  • EXPLAINER-U.S. dependence on China's rare earth:

    2019-6-3  Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers. Rising tensions between the United States and China have sparked concerns that Beijing could use its dominant position as a supplier of rare

  • China Raises Threat of Rare-Earths Cutoff to U.S ...

    Permanent magnets, which use four different rare-earth elements to differing degrees, pop up in everything including ear buds, wind turbines, and electric cars. And China dominates their production.

  • RARE EARTH ELEMENTS: RARER IN THE UNITED

    2020-5-14  The proposed Rare Earth Refinery Cooperative (RE-Coop) 21 st Century Manufacturing Act seeks to establish a Thorium-Bearing rare earth refinery cooperative. This initiative moves toward establishing a U.S.-based rare earth supply chain – one to provide a route to U.S. rare earth

  • GAO-16-161, RARE EARTH MATERIALS: Developing a ...

    2016-2-11  Rare Earth Materials (Rare Earths) Meeting Various Definitions of Critical by Office Rare earths Acquisition, Technology and Logistics 2012 Manufacturing and Industrial Base Policy (MIBP) a. 2013 Defense Logistics Agency-Strategic Materials 2011, 2013, 2015 . Scandium

  • Revisiting Rare Earths: The Ongoing Efforts to

    Back in 2010, “rare earth elements” became a hot topic in the national security and foreign policy fields, mainly because of the political, economic, and security turmoil that followed China ...

  • State, Campbell County pursue rare earth

    2020-7-7  In a Dec. 20, 2017, executive order, the president said the nation is vulnerable to a break in the supply chain for rare earth elements. "This dependency of the United States on foreign sources creates a strategic vulnerability for both its economy and

  • Report Finds U.S. Vulnerability to China’s Dominance

    “China’s rare earths positioning both implicates and threatens the entire global system,” said Horizon’s report. Last year, the Chinese government funded a report on rare-earth policy, which said “China will not rule out using rare earth exports as leverage to deal with the situation,” in reference to the escalating U.S.-China trade ...

  • US dependence on China's rare earth: Trade war

    2019-6-5  Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers. Rising tensions between the United States and China have sparked concerns that Beijing could use its dominant position as a supplier of rare earths for leverage in the []

  • The vulnerability of electric-vehicle and wind-turbine ...

    Recycling rare earth elements, utilising technologies of similar performance that use less rare earth elements and having large rare earth element inventories are strategies being investigated or already employed to reduce business vulnerability (Mancheri et al., 2019; Swain and Mishra, 2019; Chen et al., 2015; Jin et al., 2018). A tax on ...

  • Explainer: U.S. dependence on China's rare earth -

    2019-6-19  Apple Inc uses rare earth elements in speakers, cameras and to make phones vibrate. The United States imported $160 million of rare earth compounds and

  • EXPLAINER-U.S. dependence on China's rare earth:

    2019-6-3  Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers. Rising tensions between the United States and China have sparked concerns that Beijing could use its dominant position as a supplier of rare

  • Who Will Win The China-US Showdown Over Rare

    2019-5-23  The US imports 80% of the rare earth metals it needs from China, according to the US Geological Survey. The total economic value of these imports was just $160mm in 2018. The total economic value ...

  • RARE EARTH ELEMENTS: RARER IN THE UNITED

    2020-5-14  The proposed Rare Earth Refinery Cooperative (RE-Coop) 21 st Century Manufacturing Act seeks to establish a Thorium-Bearing rare earth refinery cooperative. This initiative moves toward establishing a U.S.-based rare earth supply chain – one to provide a route to U.S. rare earth

  • EXPLAINER—U.S. Dependence on China's Rare Earth:

    2020-5-14  Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers. Rising tensions between the United States and China have sparked concerns that Beijing could use its dominant position as a supplier of rare earths for leverage in the trade war between ...

  • Rare Earths: Future Elements of Conflict in Asia?: Asian ...

    2018-6-14  China’s sudden suspension of rare earth exports to Japan in September 2010 represented the opening of a new front in the international competition for natural resources. As the demands of the global economy change, the international demand for rare earths, which are used in a diverse range of high-tech industries, has also increased.

  • US dependence on China's rare earth: Trade war

    2019-6-5  Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers. Rising tensions between the United States and China have sparked concerns that Beijing could use its dominant position as a supplier of rare earths for leverage in the []

  • State, Campbell County pursue rare earth

    2020-7-7  In a Dec. 20, 2017, executive order, the president said the nation is vulnerable to a break in the supply chain for rare earth elements. "This dependency of the United States on foreign sources creates a strategic vulnerability for both its economy and

  • EXPLAINER-U.S. dependence on China's rare earth:

    2019-6-3  Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers. Rising tensions between the United States and China have sparked concerns that Beijing could use its dominant position as a supplier of rare

  • EXPLAINER—U.S. Dependence on China's Rare Earth:

    2020-5-14  Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers. Rising tensions between the United States and China have sparked concerns that Beijing could use its dominant position as a supplier of rare earths for leverage in the trade war between ...

  • Explainer: U.S. dependence on China's rare earth -

    2019-6-19  Apple Inc uses rare earth elements in speakers, cameras and to make phones vibrate. The United States imported $160 million of rare earth compounds and

  • Explainer: U.S. dependence on China's rare earth:

    2019-6-3  (Reuters) - Rare earth elements are used in a wide range of consumer products, from iPhones to electric car motors, as well as military jet engines, satellites and lasers.

  • Rare earths: Is there a case for government

    Chinese authorities have hinted that they may use their dominant position as a supplier of rare earths and associated manufactured goods to retaliate against US restrictions on high technology exports to China. China is responsible for between 80 and 90 per cent of processed rare earths and products such as powerful rare earth magnets.

  • China’s Monopoly Over Rare Earth Cesium Poses a

    The problem is that China has a monopoly on this rare earth metal. And unless we find a way to circumvent cesium, China arguably has full control over these future technologies. A Kind of Global Dominance Unseen. A nation can be globally dominant in various ways--financially, militarily, technologically, and industrially.

  • America must secure its supply chains against a ...

    If China’s rare earth leverage over the U.S. is one part strategic foresight, it is two parts American strategic miscalculation and shortsightedness.

  • Rare Earth Elements and the European Union

    Request PDF Rare Earth Elements and the European Union Political and economic risk in the supply chain of raw materials can lead to supply bottlenecks. The security vulnerability and threat in ...